Khyal (ख्याल)

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Classical Music

Khyal (ख्याल)

Khyal (or Khayal, Urdu: خیال, Hindi: ख़्याल, ) is the modern genre of classical singing in North India. Its name comes from an Arabic word meaning “imagination”. It appeared more recently than dhrupad, is a more free and flexible form, and it provides greater scope for improvisation. Like all Indian classical music, khyal is modal, with a single melodic line and no harmonic parts. The modes are called raga, and each raga is a complicated framework of melodic rules.

ख्याल-राग के नियमों में ही इच्छानुसार आलाप-तान द्वारा विस्तार करते हुए जो गीत गाया जाता है उसे ख्याल कहते है। ख्याल के  दो प्रकार माने जाते है-(1) विलंबित ख्याल या बड़ा ख्याल(2)द्रुत ख्याल या छोटा ख्याल