Bandish

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Classical Music

Bandish

A fixed melodic composition in Hindustani Classical Music(North Indian Classical Music) Vocal or Instrumental is called as Bandish. It is set in a particular raag and is performed with the rhythmic accompaniment by a table, pakhavaj, steady drone, and harmonious accompaniment by a harmonium, violin or sarangi.
A bandish adds the literature part in the Raag, for standard prearranged singing.
Sections :
Sthayi or Asthaayi: The first phrase or line of a composition is called as Sthayi.
Antra: The first body Stanza or Para of a composition is called as Antra.
Sanchaari: The third body Stanza or Para of a composition, found more characteristically in Dhrupad bandishes is called as Sanchaari.
Aabhog: The fourth and final body Stanza or Para of a composition, found more characteristically in Dhrupad bandishes is called as Aabhog.
Bandish are of three types regarding tempo:
Vilambit Bandish: A composition which is extremely in slow tempo is called as Vilambit Bandish. This type of Bandish is presented first in a performance of a raag.
Madhyalaya Bandish: A composition which is in medium tempo is called as Madhyalay Bandish.
Drut Bandish: A composition which is in very fast tempo is called as Drut Bandish. This type of Bandish is presented last in a performance of a raag.